Audio: School Lunches Just Got Healthier, But Are They Better?

IMG_0226By MS 57 NLP Students

The 2012-2013 school year marks the implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 at public schools across the country. The act updates the nutrition guidelines for all meals covered by the National School Lunch Program. But are lunches at MS 57 any better? As we found out in our reporting, that depends on whom you ask. The following radio report was a collaborative effort of the News Literacy Project, the after-school students at MS 57 and Bloomberg News journalist fellows Ellen Braitman, Mary Childs, Shannon Pettypiece, Alex Sherman and Carole Zimmer.

To address the obesity crisis and make school lunches healthier, the government is rolling out changes to the national nutrition guidelines for the first time in 15 years. But you wouldn’t know it from the food served at MS 57. We asked students of they’ve noticed a change.

“I think it’s healthier that they’ve giving new foods, but I think they should start changing a little big more,” said Destiny Vega, a 4th grader at MS 57.

“Today we’re eating pizza and if — like you see it — it has oil in it and like grease,” added another student.

“The only thing that has gotten healthy is the lettuce, the carrots and the stuff inside,” said Zayda Amid, referring to the cafeteria’s new salad bar at the school.

“They’re putting more vegetables on the plate and more salad so you can eat them,” said Giovani Pantalone.

The new standards, developed by the US Department of Agriculture, call for twice as many servings of fruits and vegetables, more whole grains and less bad fats, sugar and salt.

Hassan Tucker, a school lunch aid at PS/MS 57, said the changes make it harder to give kids food they will eat.

“Since they cut a lot of the food that we used to serve, they serve mostly the food that the kids will like,” he said. “That’s why you see us repeating things over and over.”

When given a choice between limp steamed vegetables or fresh ones from the salad bar, the kids we spoke to said they would rather eat just about anything else on their plate.

“Mozzarella sticks,” said Destiny Vega.

“I would like burgers, because they are really tasty and they’re good,” said Giovani Pantalone.

“Like the pizza, that’s my favorite food. The chicken wings. I love them. And the cheese sticks,” added another student.

After lunch on a recent school day, evidence of what kids will and won’t eat is everywhere. The garbage is filled with lettuce and there is broccoli on the floor. There’s not a mozzarella stick in sight.

Benjamin Kilinski, the school nurse at PS/MS 57, said he’s not surprised kids aren’t eating their vegetables.

“If the options that you have are things like fatty foods that we also really enjoy, you’re more likely to eat them and if they weren’t there you might not eat them at all,” he said.

The school’s principal, Lorraine Hasty, says one way to improve school lunches is to get kids to weigh in.

“They haven’t done it this year, but in the past – I work with the food committee –  at certain lunch times, they would try new items to add to the menu,” she said. “They would allow children to do taste tests. They would have a little card where they would mark like a thumbs up, thumbs down if they like it to get the opinion from students.”

Rozanne Gold, award-winning chef and author of Eat FRESH Food: Awesome Recipes for Teen Chefs, couldn’t agree more.

“I think part of the problem is it’s the government who’s telling us how to eat and what we should be serving in our cafeteria,” she said. “And I think we need to talk more about taste and flavor and how delicious things can be. Right? My goal in this book was to prove that you could make healthy food and have it be delicious. So I worked with teen chefs… and I think what made everyone so excited was that I really listened to what they had to say.”

When Gold talks about food, your mouth can’t help but water.

“We have mac ‘n cheese,” she said, showing us a picture in her teen cookbook. “But wait a minute, my macaroni and cheese is made with a sauce that’s processed with cauliflower and roasted red peppers. Now, can you see the picture of this? Doesn’t it look like it has a ton of fattening oozy cheese in there? But it doesn’t. The sauce is basically made from vegetables.”

Now that sounds tasty and nutritious! But with just $1.06 to spend on each school lunch, it’s unlikely MS 57 chefs will be serving up Gold’s recipes on our plates any time soon.

Advertisements

Kids: No More Greasy Snacks or Candy in Schools!

IMG_0095By Dillan

Greasy food and candy in schools is a major problem because kids need to eat healthy food as well as healthy snacks.

When I interviewed some students at MS 57, some said that unhealthy snacks are not good for kids because they won’t have any energy if the keep eating these types of foods.

Some examples of unhealthy snacks include potato chips and even fruits snacks because they have a lot of added sugar. When you look at the labels on Doritos, for example, some of the ingredients include sugar, artificial color, salt, and vegetable oil. There are 140 calories and 8 grams of fat, or about 8% of the recommended daily fat intake for middle school students.

The list of ingredients in a bag of Lays potato chips also include vegetable oil, an artificial oil that has a negative impact on the body.  One serving has 160 calories and 10 grams of total fat.

When the News Literacy Project students, including myself, interviewed Rozanne Gold, chef and author of Eat FRESH Food: Awesome Recipes for Teen Chefs, one of the students, asked “What type of chips do you recommend us to eat?”

“I would recommend you eat fresh vegetable chips,” Gold said. “I think you love chips because they go ‘crunch,’ right? Because texture is a very important part of why we like a lot of foods and the reason why I’m suggesting fresh vegetable chips is that they go ‘crunch,’ too.”

Gold’s chips are homemade.

“If you take a carrot and you peel it and you roll it in a circle and you stick a toothpick in it and you put it in cold water over night and you take the toothpick out, it becomes like this curly cue,” said Gold, describing how she makes vegetable chips. “If you make a whole bucket of those, they taste better than potato chips, and you can put a little salt on them if you want. They’re so crisp and crunchy and this is a natural food product.”

Gold also recommends that instead of eating a whole bag of chips, just eat six.

Connecting School Lunches to the National Obesity Crisis

IMG_0084

By Justin

Hector Dominguez, a 6th grader at MS 57/James Weldon Johnson Leadership Academy, says school lunches are ‘’unhealthy’’ and they are contributing to obesity.

Obesity is a major problem around the world and especially in the United States. Almost a third of kids in America are obese or almost obese. As this problem is growing more people are helping, such as First Lady Michelle Obama, who created the ‘’Let’s Move!” campaign.

‘’Two years ago, when I stared ‘Let’s Move!’, I wanted to end the epidemic of childhood obesity in our generation,” said Obama.

The US Department of Agriculture is also trying to make kids healthier. With the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, new nutritional guidelines call for “more fruit, vegetables, whole grains, less salt, less fat, and monitored calorie limits,” in school meals.

In New York City, these new guidelines were introduced to principals in a letter from Eric Goldstein, the CEO of the Office of School Support Services.

“SchoolFood has installed over 1,000 salad bars in NYC schools and has reduced the sodium, fat, and cholesterol in our menu items, eliminated trans fat as well as artificial colors and flavors and taken steps to remove high fructose corn syrup from our products,” Goldstein said in the letter.

A large percentage of the week students eat school lunches. A typical school lunch at PS/MS 57 is often hamburgers, French fries, chicken nuggets, and other not-so-healthy foods. So we asked Benjamin Kilinski, the school nurse, if he thinks school lunches could be causing obesity.

“I would think that the school lunches that are provided should be healthy so that it’s at least one meal that you get healthy options, but you have two other meals that you would eat in a day also, so those matter, too,” he said. “So you can’t really say that that’s a cause, but it would be concerning to me if it’s unhealthy because it’s a consistent part of your diet during the week.”

We asked Principal Lorraine Hasty whether school lunches were a priority for her.

“It is important to me in terms of the nutritional value of the food that children are being served in the lunchroom,” she said. “I do have many issues that I do have to deal with so I’m not putting it on the back burner, but it’s not the first priority’.”